Later, the jeans were redesigned to today's industry standard of five pockets including a little watch pocket and copper rivets. I read a similar post which mentions the most popular jean cuts for men that are trending as well the best apparel combos too. Traditionally, jeans were dyed to a blue color using natural indigo dye. This cloth was "dungri" in Hindi.
Often the term "jeans" refers to a particular style of trousers, called "blue jeans", which were invented by Jacob W. Davis and Levi Strauss on May 20, Prior to the Levi Strauss patented trousers, the term "blue jeans" had been long in use for various garments including trousers, overalls, and coats , constructed from blue-colored denim. Jean cloth can be entirely cotton as well, similar to denim.
Originally designed for cowboys and miners , modern jeans became popular in the s among teenagers , especially members of the greaser subculture. Jeans were a common fashion item in the s hippie subculture and they continued to be popular in the s and s youth subcultures of punk rock and heavy metal.
Nowadays, they are one of the most popular types of trousers, especially in Western culture. Historic brands include Levi's , Lee , and Wrangler.
Research on the trade of jean fabric shows that it emerged in the cities of Genoa , Italy , and Nîmes , France. Gênes, the French word for Genoa , may be the origin of the word "jeans". In Nîmes, weavers tried to reproduce jean fabric but instead developed a similar twill fabric that became known as denim, from de Nîmes , meaning "from Nîmes".
The Genoese navy equipped its sailors with jeans, as they needed a fabric which could be worn wet or dry. It was replaced by indigo synthesis methods developed in Germany. By the 17th century, jean was a crucial textile for working-class people in Northern Italy.
This is seen in a series of genre paintings from around the 17th century attributed to an artist now nicknamed The Master of the Blue Jeans. The fabric would have been Genoese jean, which was cheaper. Genre painting came to prominence in late 16th century, and the non-nobility subject matter in all ten paintings places them among others that portray similar scenes.
Dungaree was mentioned for the first time in the 17th century, when it was referred to as cheap, coarse thick cotton cloth, often colored blue but sometimes white, worn by impoverished people in what was then a region of Bombay , India a dockside village called Dongri.
This cloth was "dungri" in Hindi. Dungri was exported to England and used for manufacturing of cheap, robust working clothes. In English, the word "dungri" became pronounced as "dungaree". The term jeans appears first in , when a Swiss banker by the name Jean-Gabriel Eynard and his brother Jacques went to Genoa and both were soon heading a flourishing commercial concern. In Massena 's troops entered the town and Jean-Gabriel was entrusted with their supply.
In particular he furnished them with uniforms cut from blue cloth called "bleu de Genes" whence later derives the famous garment known worldwide as "blue jeans". Levi Strauss , as a young man in , went from Germany to New York to join his older brothers who ran a goods store. In , he moved to San Francisco to open his own dry goods business. In , Davis wrote to Strauss asking to partner with him to patent and sell clothing reinforced with rivets. Levi accepted Davis's offer,  and the two men received US patent No.
Davis and Strauss experimented with different fabrics. An early attempt was brown cotton duck , a bottom-weight fabric. The denim used was produced by an American manufacturer. Popular legend incorrectly states that it was imported from Nimes, France. A popular myth is that Strauss initially sold brown canvas pants to miners, later dyed them blue, turned to using denim, and only after Davis wrote to him, added rivets.
Initially, Strauss' jeans were simply sturdy trousers worn by factory workers , miners, farmers, and cattlemen throughout the North American West. Later, the jeans were redesigned to today's industry standard of five pockets including a little watch pocket and copper rivets. Fewer jeans were made during World War II , but 'waist overalls' were introduced to the world by US soldiers, who sometimes wore them off duty.
Historic photographs indicate that in the decades before they became a staple of fashion, jeans generally fit quite loosely, much like a pair of bib overalls without the bib. Indeed, until , Levi Strauss called its flagship product "waist overalls" rather than "jeans".
After James Dean popularized them in the movie Rebel Without a Cause , wearing jeans became a symbol of youth rebellion during the s. Examples of intentional denim distressing strictly to make them more fashionable can be seen as early as in Vogue's June issue. Acceptance of jeans continued through the s and s. Originally an esoteric fashion choice, in the s jeans may be seen being worn by men and women of all ages. Traditionally, jeans were dyed to a blue color using natural indigo dye.
Most denim is now dyed using synthetic indigo. Currently, jeans are produced in any color that can be achieved with cotton. For more information on dyeing, refer to denim and the discussion there of using pigment dyes.
In Levi Strauss introduced pre-shrunk jeans, which did not shrink further after purchase, allowing the consumer to purchase a correctly fitting size. The are almost identical to the s with the exception of the button-fly. The Levi's Corporation also introduced a slim boot-cut fit known as and The difference between the two is the s sit at the waist line and the s sit below the waist line.
Later, Levi's would develop other styles and fits such as the loose, slim, comfort, relaxed, skinny, and a regular fit with a tapered leg. Ripping or distressing of jeans, though also arising naturally as a result of wear and tear, is sometimes deliberately performed by suppliers - with distressed clothing sometimes selling for more than a nondistressed pair.
Consumers wanting jeans that appear worn can buy jeans that have been specially treated. To give the fabrics the worn look, sandblasting done with chemicals or by adding pumice stone to the washing process or abrading with sandpaper is often done. A typical pair of blue jeans uses gallons liters of water during its life cycle.
This includes the water to irrigate the cotton crop, manufacture the jeans, and the numerous washes by the consumer. The production of jeans with a "used look" can be more environmentally damaging than regular jeans  [ citation needed ] , depending on how the waste compounds are processed. Sandblasting and treating with sandpaper has the risk of causing silicosis to the workers, and in Turkey , more than 5, textile workers have been stricken with this disease, and 46 people are known to have died.
Some companies have announced they are banning the use of sandblasting. Despite most jeans being "pre-shrunk", they are still sensitive to slight further shrinkage and loss of color from being washed. The Levi Strauss company recommends avoiding washing jeans as much as possible. Carl Chiara, Levi Strauss director of brand and special projects, has a credo: The less you wash your jeans, the better your jeans become. Unzipped , clarifies in a response to such a criticism:.
Our advice is to wash less often, but clearly, you have to judge for yourself what's appropriate. Hot day, dirty job? Cold day, office job?
Maybe you can wear them twice or more before they go back to the washing machine. Personally, if I wear a pair of jeans to work on Friday—cool climate, office job—I tend to wear them on Saturday. And if Saturday is spent indoors and I'm not spilling food all over myself, I might even wear them on Sunday.
For those who prefer to refrain from washing their jeans there have been suggestions to freeze them in order to kill the germs that cause odor.
However, this advice has been disputed as ineffective and replaced with the suggestion of baking them for ten minutes at degrees Fahrenheit. Jeans are covered under laws regarding trousers. As well, there have been some notable legal cases involving jeans specifically:.
In Rome , Italy , in , a year-old driving instructor was accused of rape. When he picked up an year-old girl for her first driving lesson, he allegedly raped her for an hour, then told her that if she was to tell anyone he would kill her.
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Straight cut jeans. Straight cut jeans, also called “straight leg jeans” usually stand at your natural waist and are thin through the seat and the thighs. To find out whether a pair of jeans is straight cut, you should fold the ankle area over the knee area. If they have the same width, it . Skinny Bootcut Jeans— This style combines the bootcut and skinny designs. Slightly slimmer through the seat, thigh and knee, the skinny boot is cut narrow through the calf and flares out at the ankle. Jean Styles Decoded: Bootcut: Bootcut jeans are the perfect cut for any guy hoping to look fashionable without looking outrageous. This slim cut fits closely (but not tightly) with a slight flare towards the leg opening. Bootcut jeans make sense for most body shapes, too, because they balance the body well.